Different Types of Motorcycle Sports

Different Types of Motorcycle SportsHumans love speed and adrenaline. Since the production of the first motorcycles, the sport of motorcycle racing had undergone many changes from its humble beginnings at the board track.

Different kinds and types of motorcycles have also been produced throughout the years, giving birth to a variety of motorsports we all love and enjoy today.

There are a number of different sanctioning bodies in the world of motorcycle racing – the most notable of which is the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclismo (FIM), the international governing body for motorcycle racing.

The main on-road championships sanctioned by the FIM include Grand Pix motorcycle racing, Superbike World Championship, Supersport World Championship, and Endurance World Championship. For off road, there are the Motocross World Championship, Supercross World Championship, Supermoto World Championship, World Enduro Championship, Trial World Championship, Speedway World Championship, and Freestyle Motocross World Championship.

The FIM has classified the different motorcycle races under four main categories, each with its own subcategories.

Road Racing

Hard, road-like surfaces paved with tarmac are the regular setting for this kind of motorcycle racing. The premier category in road racing is the Grand Prix which has 3 distinct classes: Moto3 for 250 cc, single-cylinder, four-stroke motorcycles and is limited to a maximum driving age of 28. Moto2 (Dorna Sports is the commercial rights holder of Moto2) on the other hand, uses 600 cc, four-stroke motorcycles. MotoGP also currently holds the highest class of GP racing with 1000 cc four stroke motorcycles.

Superbike and Supersport racing are also categories of motorcycle road racing which involves the use of modified production motorcycles. Superbike motorcycles must have four stroke engines within 800 cc and 1200 cc for v-twin, and 750 cc and 1000 cc for four cylinders. On the other hand, Supersport racing motorcycle must have a four stroke engine between 400 cc and 600 cc, or a 600 cc to 750 cc v-twin engine. The motorcycles must maintain the same profiles throughout the race. The overall appearance, from the front to the rear, as well as the sides,  must conform to FIM standards.

Endurance racing is yet another type of motorcycle road racing where the endurance of both man and machine are tested. Teams are composed of multiple riders and they attempt to cover large distances in a single event. The motorcycles used in endurance racing are subject to extreme abuse, so engine reliability and performance are key in winning Enduro races.

Last on the motorcycle road racing category is Sidecar racing. Motorcycles are attached with sidecars and are built low and long. The rider and passenger must work together to successfully navigate corners, shifting their weights for optimum performance.

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Our List of Motorcycles By Their Uses

Our List of Motorcycles By Their Uses

Motorcycles have come a long way since its introduction in the mid-19th century. Since then, different motorcycle types have been made, giving birth to a lot of the motorsports we know and love today. However, terms like Sports Tourer or Sports Bike, Cruiser versus Standard motorcycle often confuse those who are new to or not familiar with motorcycles. Here is your ultimate guide to the different motorcycle categories.

There are actually many systems for categorizing motorcycle types. While there is no universal system for classifying the different motorcycle types, there are 7 main categories that are widely recognized – the cruiser, standard, sport, touring, dual-purpose (or dual-sport), and dirt bike.

Motorcycles under the Street category are designed to be ridden on paved roads. They have engines that are in the 125 cc or more range. They also have smooth tires with light treads. Most motorcycles in this category reach and exceed speeds of up to 100 mph (160 km/h).


Also called Naked Bikes or Roadsters, are general-purpose street motorcycles. They are easily recognized by the upright riding position of its drivers. Standards are mostly suited to beginners due to their relatively low cost, flexibility, and moderate engine output.


Most cruisers were American style machines from the early 1930s to 1960s. Notable makers were Harley-Davidson, Excelsior-Henderson, and Indian. In cruisers, the feet are placed forward with the hands placed relatively high. This makes the rider lean back slightly.

Sports Bike

Sports bikes were made with top speed, acceleration, braking, and handling in mind. Most sports bikes have a high-performance engine inside a lightweight frame. They also usually have fairings (shell) that enclose the engine and windscreens to deflect air at very high speeds. Sports bikes position the rider with his or her legs closer to the body to improve ground clearance when cornering.


Touring motorcycles are built to cover long distances. They have large engines, fairings, and screen that shield the rider from wind and weather, as well as high-capacity fuel tanks. The rider sits in an upright yet relaxed position and passenger seats are often included.

Dual Purpose

Also known as dual-sports, they are street legal machines that can also be used off-road. They are usually based on dirt bike chassis but with lights, side mirrors, and other instruments to make them road worthy. They are higher than street bikes with good suspension systems for rough surfaces. Some riders test their riding skills at night. For that, getting a good LED light bar is a must. Check out our favorite examples here.

Dirt Bikes

Dirt bikes are also considered as off-road motorcycles. They are designed for off-road events such as those done on sand, gravel, river, mud, or snow tracks. Common dirt bikes are sport utility vehicles (SUVs), all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), snowmobiles, or mountain bikes. Most dirt bikes are lighter than their on-road counterparts. They also have higher ground clearance, with little to no fairings, knobby tires, and long suspension travel.

Motorcycles have a fairly limited headlight which can be a problem during night travel. Check out some LED light bar options at http://www.blackoakled.com/ to help you navigate better at night.